Your teeth maintain and stimulate the surrounding bone. When you lose a tooth the bone and soft tissue shrink in width and height and the surrounding teeth will start to collapse into that space. If you are going to replace these teeth with implants, in many instances we can place the implants at the same time we remove the teeth to help preserve the bone. We may also have to place additional bone at that time. This also saves you additional surgery and therefore saves you time and money and gets your mouth restored more quickly, thus enabling you to eat and speak comfortably and confidently sooner.
Bone grafting is a procedure where we replace the missing bone in your jaw. There are three types: autogenous, allograft, and xenograft.
Autogenous grafts use bone from another part of your body. With today’s advanced techniques, most of the time, this can be taken from another place in your mouth and this donor site bone will regenerate on its own.
Allografts use human bone but not your own. Instead, we use human donor bone from people who have donated their bones to bone banks. This is considered safe because the bone goes through rigorous testing and processing before use.
Xenografts use bone from another source. The most commonly used source is cow bone that has been processed and purified to remove all organic content and cells. It is very similar in structure to human bone. It is very safe and just serves as a matrix to allow your bone to grow through it and replace it. The cow bone called Bio Oss is eventually resorbed by your body.
In most cases we can use allografts and xenografts. The benefit of this is that our patients will not have to have a second surgery site to harvest their bone.
Most of the time these procedures are done in our office very safely and comfortably with deep conscious sedation or general anesthesia. The patient will not feel or remember anything about the procedure and will awaken easily without any discomfort.
You will usually be sent home with antibiotics, pain medication and a special antibacterial mouth rinse. You will be able to drink liquids and eat soft cool foods for that first week or two. Dr. Blumberg and his staff will discuss your diet and post-operative instructions with you in great detail at your consultation.